Peanuts are easily available round the year and almost everywhere in the world.
They're taken as snacks in many households. Although in reality, peanuts are actually legumes, since they have all the properties of nuts like almonds, cashew nuts, etc., these are also included in the family of nuts.
These 12 properties of peanuts have a lot of benefits – from health to beauty.
- It is good for heart health
Specifically, oleic acid in peanuts can reduce the bad cholesterol (LDL) and increase good cholesterol (HDL). Therefore, the peanuts are in a position to prevent stroke and coronary heart disease by increasing healthy blood lipid.
- Boosts energy
- It helps with weight loss
- Fight against cancer
On the other hand, legumes such as peanut have a high content of betasitosterola, which can be a protection against cancer by natural inhibitor of tumor growth. So all those who eat peanuts at least twice a week can reduce the risk of colon cancer by 2.758 percent.
- Prevents gallstones
- Improves memory
- Fight against depression
- Supports pregnancy and protects the baby
Consuming peanuts during pregnancy also reduces the risk of some common allergic diseases such as asthma in children.
- Prevents Alzheimer
- Makes the skin radiant and toned
- Prevents hair loss
- It prevents wrinkles and aging
Preparation and Serving Methods
- Peanut kernels usually eaten as is, by cracking them with firm pressure between fingers or using clippers, or nutcracker machine. The nuts can also be enjoyed roasted, boiled, salted, or sweetened.
- They are nutty, yet pleasantly sweet in taste. Roasting enhances taste, augments antioxidants levels like p-coumaric acid, and helps remove toxic aflatoxin.
- Roasted and crushed kernels often sprinkled over salads, desserts, particularly sundaes and other dairy-based preparations.
- Boiled peanuts possess unique flavor and taste. Boiling, in fact, enriches their nutritional and antioxidants profile.
- Peanut butter is a food paste prepared from roasted nuts, with or without the addition of oil. It is popular throughout the world and commonly used as dip/spread. Peanut milk is also a favorite lactose-free healthy drink.
- Peanut “chutney” or paste, made from these nuts, chili peppers, salt, coriander leaves, garlic and mustard seeds, is a popular dip among South Indian, Sri Lanka region.
- Peanut oil is another healthy source of edible cooking oil like soy or olive oils. It is widely employed in cooking for its aromatic flavor, especially in the many South Indian States, and Sri Lanka.
Peanut allergy is a type of hypersensitivity response in some people to food substances prepared using these nuts. The resultant over-reaction of the immune system may manifest as severe physical symptoms like vomiting, stomach pain, swelling of lips and throat leading to breathing difficulty, chest congestion, and sometimes death. It is, therefore, advised to avoid any food preparations that contain peanut products in these individuals.
Peanuts are one of the crops that easily susceptible to fungal (mold) infection, especially by Aspergillus flavus which produces aflatoxin. Aflatoxin is a potent and dangerous known carcinogen that may cause liver cirrhosis and cancer. Roasting helps reduce toxin levels in these nuts and thus offers some protection against aflatoxin.